CARAVAN BATTERY AND SOLAR SYSTEM
A Caravan Battery and Solar System is an essential part of caravanning if you want to reduce costs & improve your caravanning experience.
With your power system in your caravan, there is no need for powered sites or caravan parks. With a caravan and battery solar system, you can travel anywhere for as long as you want. You will need the right system to do this.
Installing a caravan battery and solar system to your vehicle will improve your caravanning experience and reduce your carbon footprint. The sun powers the battery and solar system, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The size of the battery & solar system you need depends on what it needs to power and for how long. When drained flat, the battery and its operation will become damaged, thus the battery itself may need replacing.
There are four main aspects to a Caravan Battery and Solar System.
The solar panels, regulator, battery and inverter.
Solar panels collect Direct Current energy to charge the battery, whilst the regulator ensures the battery is charged correctly. The battery supplies power directly to the DC appliances. Inverters are then used to power the Alternating Current appliances.
If you are wanting to begin research on what will work best for your caravan, here are some solar panels and battery types.
There are two main types of Caravan Solar Panels:
Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline. The main difference between the two is the type of silicone solar cell they use. Monocrystalline solar panels have solar cells made from a single cell of silicon. However, Polycrystalline solar panels have solar cells made from multiple silicone fragments melted together.
Polycrystalline solar panels have a lower efficiency, meaning their price point is lower. Therefore, these batteries are a less expensive option. Polycrystalline solar panels have a multi-crystal silicon, meaning the electrons have less room to move. The power generated from Polycrystalline solar panels is less efficient, however still a good option for a solar system.
Absorbed Glass Mat Deep Cycle, Gel and Lithium Batteries are three of the best for a caravan battery and solar system.
Firstly, AGM Deep Cycle Batteries. They are a type of lead-acid deep cycle battery.
The absorption of electrolytes into a fibreglass mat is what powers Absorbed Glass Mat batteries. These batteries have a lower internal resistance, can handle higher temperatures and self-discharge slower than other batteries.
Secondly, Gel Batteries which are also known as Gel Cell Batteries.
A Gel Cell is a valve regulated Lead-Acid Deep Cycle Battery with a Gel Electrolyte. These batteries do not need to be stored upright. The evaporation of electrolytes, spillage and corrosion issues that other batteries face are eliminated in this type of battery. Subsequently, they have a greater resistance to extreme temperatures, shock and vibration.
Lastly, Lithium Caravan Batteries.
Lithium batteries, also known as lithium-metal batteries, are primary batteries that have lithium as an anode. They stand apart from other batteries in their low discharge rate, slimline footprint, rapid recharge rate and operator usability.